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The 2nd All Russian Mathematical Olympiad
1962年第二届全俄数学奥林匹克
  1. ABCD is any convex quadrilateral. Construct a new quadrilateral as follows. Take A' so that A is the midpoint of DA'; similarly, B' so that B is the midpoint of AB'; C' so that C is the midpoint of BC'; and D' so that D is the midpoint of CD'. Show that the area of A'B'C'D' is five times the area of ABCD.
  2. Given a fixed circle C and a line L throught the center O of C. Take a variable point P on L and let K be the circle center P through O. Let T be the point where a common tangent to C and K meets K. What is the locus of T ?
  3. Given integers a0, a1, ... , a100, satisfying a1>a0, a1>0, and ar+2=3 ar+1 - 2 ar for r=0, 1, ... , 98. Prove a100 > 299 .
  4. Prove that there are no integers a, b, c, d such that the polynomial ax3+bx2+cx+d equals 1 at x=19 and 2 at x=62.
  5. Given an n x n array of numbers. n is odd and each number in the array is 1 or -1. Prove that the number of rows and columns containing an odd number of -1s cannot total n.
  6. Given the lengths AB and BC and the fact that the medians to those two sides are perpendicular, construct the triangle ABC.
  7. Given four positive real numbers a, b, c, d such that abcd=1, prove that a2 + b2 + c2 + d2 + ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd ≥ 10.
  8. Given a fixed regular pentagon ABCDE with side 1. Let M be an arbitary point inside or on it. Let the distance from M to the closest vertex be r1, to the next closest be r2 and so on, so that the distances from M to the five vertices satisfy r1 ≤ r2 ≤ r3 ≤ r4 ≤ r5. Find (a) the locus of M which gives r3 the minimum possible value, and (b) the locus of M which gives r3 the maximum possible value.
  9. Given a number with 1998 digits which is divisible by 9. Let x be the sum of its digits, let y be the sum of the digits of x, and z the sum of the digits of y. Find z.
  10. AB=BC and M is the midpoint of AC. H is chosen on BC so that MH is perpendicular to BC. P is the midpoint of MH. Prove that AH is perpendicular to BP.
  11. The triangle ABC satisfies 0 ≤ AB ≤ 1 ≤ BC ≤ 2 ≤ CA ≤ 3. What is the maximum area it can have ?
  12. Given unequal integers x, y, z prove that (x-y)5 + (y-z)5 + (z-x)5 is divisible by 5(x-y)(y-z)(z-x).
  13. Given a0, a1, ... , an, satisfying a0 = an = 0, and and ak-1 - 2ak + ak+1 ≥ 0 for k=0, 1, ... , n-1. Prove that all the numbers are negative or zero.
  14. Given two sets of positive numbers with the same sum. The first set has m numbers and the second n. Prove that you can find a set of less than m+n positive numbers which can be arranged to part fill an m x n array, so that the row and column sums are the two given sets.
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